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大学英语四级考试题答案

试题 时间:2017-11-26 我要投稿
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  英语四级选词填空练习题(一)

  What determines the kind of person you are? What factors make you more or less bold, intelligent, or able to read a map? All of these are influenced by the interaction of your genes and the environment in which you were __1__. The study of how genes and environment interact to influence __2__ activity is known as behavioral genetics. Behavioral genetics has made important __3__ to the biological revolution, providing information about the extent to which biology influences mind, brain and behavior.

  Any research that suggests that __4__ to perform certain behaviors are based in biology is controversial. Who wants to be told that there are limitations to what you can __5__ based on something that is beyond your control, such as your genes? It is easy to accept that genes control physical characteristics such as sex, race and eye color. But can genes also determine whether people will get divorced, how __6__ they are, or what career they are likely to choose? A concern of psychological scientists is the __7__ to which all of these characteristics are influenced by nature and nurture(养育), by genetic makeup and the environment. Increasingly, science __8__ that genes lay the groundwork for many human traits. From this perspective, people are born __9__ like undeveloped photographs: The image is already captured, but the way it __10__ appears can vary based on the development process. However, the basic picture is there from the beginning.

  [A] abilities

  [B] achieve

  [C] appeal

  [D] complaints

  [E] contributions

  [F] displayed

  [G] essentially

  [H] eventually

  [I] extent

  [J] indicates

  [K] proceeds

  [L] psychological

  [M] raised

  [N] smart

  [O] standard

  英语四级选词填空练习题答案

  1. [M] raised raise在这里的意思是"养育",the environment in which you were raised 意思是"你成长的环境"。

  2. [L] psychological "psychological activity"意思是"心理活动",全句意思是"研究基因和外部环境如何相互作用影响人心理活动的学科被称为行为遗传学"。

  3. [E] contributions "make contributions to"为固定搭配,意为"为……做贡献"。

  4. [A] abilities "ability to …"意思是"做某事的能力",在此处,全句意思是"任何一篇宣称人类做出某种行为的能力是基于生物学的研究都是有争议的"。

  5. [B] achieve "limitations to what you can achieve"意思是"对你所能达到的水平的限制"。

  6. [N] smart 此处需填一个形容词,而且用来形容人,根据题意,smart符合题意,表示"机灵,可爱"。

  7. [I] extent 此处填extent,主要是因为后面有to,"to the extent …"译为"……的程度"。

  8. [J] indicates indicate 意思是"表明,显示"。全句意为"越来越多的科学(现象)表明基因对人类很多特征有基础作用"。

  9. [G] essentially essentially 的意思是"实际上,本质上"。全句意为"从这个角度来讲,人一出生,本质上就像是还没洗出来的照片:相已经照了,但是最终会呈现多少就在于显影的过程了"。

  10. [H] eventually eventually 副词,意思是"最终,最后"。

  英语四级选词填空练习题(二)

  There's no question that the Earth is getting hotter. The real questions are: How much of the warming is our fault, and are we 1 to slow the devastation by controlling ourinsatiable 2 for fossil fuels?

  Global warming can seem too 3 to worry about, or too uncertain-something projected by the same computer 4 that often can't get next week's weather right. On a raw winter day you might think that a few degrees of warming wouldn't be such a bad thing anyway. And no doubt about it: Warnings about 5 change can sound like an environmentalist scare tactic, meant to force us out of our cars and restrict our lifestyles.

  Comforting thoughts, perhaps. Unfortunately, however, the Earth has some discomforting news. From Alaska to the snowy peaks of the Andes the world is heating up right now, and fast. Globally, the 6 is up 1°F over the past century, but some of the coldest, most remote spots have warmed much more. The results aren't pretty. Ice is 7 , rivers are running dry, and coasts are 8 , threatening communities.

  The 9 are happening largely out of sight. But they shouldn't be out of mind, because they are omens of what's in store for the 10 of the planet.

  [A]remote

  [B]techniques

  [C]consisting

  [D]rest

  [E]willing

  [F]climate

  [G]skill

  [H]appetite

  [I]melting

  [J]vanishing

  [K]eroding

  [L]temperature

  [M]curiosity

  [N]changes

  [O]skillful

  英语四级选词填空练习题答案

  1.【解析】[E] 此处应填入E项,be willing to 为固定搭配。

  2.【解析】[H] 此处应填入一个名词,而appetite通常和介词for搭配,此处句子的意思为控制我们无止境的欲望。

  3.【解析】[A] 此处应填入一个形容词,根据上下文意思应选A项,意即:全球气候变暖似乎离我们太遥远,以至于我们无需为此担心。

  4.【解析】[B] 此处应填入一个名词,而与computer 搭配的名词在选项中根据上下文意思B为正确选项。

  5.【解析】[F] 根据上下文意思此处应表达气候变化之意,因此F为正确选项。

  6.【解析】[L] 该题较为简单,表示"上个世纪全球的气温上升了1华氏度",应能迅速找出正确答案。

  7.【解析】[I] 显然ice 与melt 搭配,因此I为正确选项。

  8.【解析】[K] 此处应填入一个现在分词,表示"海岸受到侵蚀",因此应选K项。

  9.【解析】[N] 该题较为简单,应填入一个复数名词,所以填入N项。

  10.【解析】[D] 选D项,the rest of 为固定搭配。

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